Use of artificial intelligence to analyze clinical database reduces workload on surgical house staff.
BACKGROUND: The current quantity and diversity of hospital clinical, laboratory, and pharmacy records have resulted in a glut of information, which can be overwhelming to house staff. This study was performed to measure the impact of artificial intelligence analysis of such data on the junior surgical house staff's workload, time for direct patient care, and quality of life.
METHODS: A personal computer was interfaced with the hospital computerized patient data system. Artificial intelligence algorithms were applied to retrieve and condense laboratory values, microbiology reports, and medication orders. Unusual laboratory tests were reported without artificial intelligence filtering.
RESULTS: A survey of 23 junior house staff showed a requirement for a total of 30.75 man-hours per day, an average of 184.5 minutes per service twice a day for five surgical services each with an average of 40.7 patients, to manually produce a report in contrast to a total of 3.4 man-hours, an average of 20.5 minutes on the same basis (88.9% reduction, p < 0.001), to computer generate and distribute a similarly useful report. Two thirds of the residents reported an increased ability to perform patient care.
CONCLUSIONS: Current medical practice has created an explosion of information, which is a burden for surgical house staff. Artificial intelligence preprocessing of the hospital database information focuses attention, eliminates superfluous data, and significantly reduces surgical house staff clerical work, allowing more time for education, research, and patient care.
Published In/Presented At
Grossi, E. A., Steinberg, B. M., LeBoutillier, M., 3rd, Coppa, G. F., & Roses, D. F. (1994). Use of artificial intelligence to analyze clinical database reduces workload on surgical house staff. Surgery, 116(2), 250–254.
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Surgery