Comparison of open and laparoscopic gastrostomy and fundoplication in 120 patients.
The rapid development and incorporation of minimally invasive surgical techniques has abruptly changed adult surgical practices. These minimally invasive procedures are now being successfully applied to pediatric surgical problems. The anticipated benefits of these techniques include less postoperative pain, quicker return of bowel function, shorter hospital stay, and lower hospital costs, with a quicker return to normal activity. This report compares the first 60 infants and children to undergo laparoscopic gastrostomy and/or fundoplication at our institution with the same number of patients that underwent these procedures in the traditional open fashion. The two groups were similar with respect to age, sex, concurrent illness, presenting symptoms, neurological status, and procedures performed. Patients in the laparoscopic group were found to have shorter mean hospital and postoperative stays and tolerated feeding earlier. The mean hospital stay was 13.8 days for the laparoscopic group versus 16.4 days in the open group. The mean postoperative stay was 6.8 days for the laparoscopic group versus 10.7 days for the open group. The mean postoperative day on which feeding was tolerated was 2.3 in the laparoscopic group versus 4.8 in the open group. Postoperative complications were similar between the two groups. These results seem to reflect the less traumatic nature of the laparoscopic procedures as compared with the open procedures. Laparoscopic fundoplication and gastrostomy is an attractive alternative to open fundoplication and gastrostomy in infants and children.
Published In/Presented At
Collins, J. B., 3rd, Georgeson, K. E., Vicente, Y., & Hardin, W. D., Jr (1995). Comparison of open and laparoscopic gastrostomy and fundoplication in 120 patients. Journal of pediatric surgery, 30(7), 1065–1071. https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-3468(95)90343-7
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Surgery