Surgical Outcomes and Prognostic Factors of G3 Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Carcinomas: A Consecutive Analysis Based on Previous Study Results.
In 2017, the World Health Organization (WHO) officially defined pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms into well-differentiated tumors, namely G1/G2/G3 pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors, and poorly differentiated carcinomas referring to G3 pancreatic neuroendocrine carcinomas (p-NECs). However, the surgical outcomes and prognostic factors of G3 p-NECs are still unclear. Methods: We retrospectively collected and analyzed the data of eligible patients with G3 p-NECs defined by the WHO 2017 grading classification. Results: We eventually identified 120 patients with G3 p-NECs, including 72 females and 48 males, with a median age of 53 y. The 3-year overall survival (OS) of G3 p-NECs by Kaplan−Meier method was 37.3%. The 3-year OS for functional G3 p-NECs was 57.4%, which was statistically longer than 23.0% of non-functional ones (p = 0.002). Patients with surgical resection presented a significantly better 3-year OS than those with palliative operation (43.3% vs. 13.1%; p < 0.001). The 3-year OS for Stage Ⅰ, Stage Ⅱ, Stage Ⅲ, and Stage Ⅳ was 87.1%, 56.5%, 12.9%, and not applicable, respectively (p < 0.001). We demonstrated in a Cox regression model that palliative operation (p = 0.013), vascular infiltration (p = 0.039), lymph node involvement (p = 0.024), and distant metastasis (p = 0.016) were independent predictors of poor outcome for patients with surgically treated G3 p-NECs. Conclusion: Our data in the present analysis indicated that patients with G3 p-NECs could significantly benefit from surgical resection. Meanwhile, vascular infiltration, lymph node involvement, and distant metastasis were independent predictors of poor outcome for these patients.
Published In/Presented At
Luo, X., Yang, M., Tian, B., Liu, X., Duan, K., & Zhang, Y. (2022). Surgical Outcomes and Prognostic Factors of G3 Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Carcinomas: A Consecutive Analysis Based on Previous Study Results. Journal of clinical medicine, 11(11), 3176. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11113176
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Surgery, Department of Surgery Residents, Fellows and Residents