Title

Evaluating the change in patterns of traumatic injury in the setting of pandemic and social distancing restrictions: An analysis of a level 1 trauma center.

Publication/Presentation Date

7-1-2022

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Social distancing measures and quarantine during the COVID-19 pandemic have led to reported changes in traumatic injury patterns. We set to examine the effects of these restrictive guidelines in our trauma center.

METHODS: This is a retrospective chart review of all patients evaluated for traumatic injuries at a Level 1 trauma center during two time periods: March-June 2020 (COVID) and March-June 2019 (Pre-COVID).

RESULTS: Overall trauma volume did not differ significantly between the two time periods. Changes seen during COVID included increases in penetrating injuries (12.5% vs 6.7%, p < 0.001), particularly those due to firearms (7.5% vs 3.7%, p < 0.001). Hospital length of stay, intensive care unit length of stay, and days on the ventilator remained consistent between the two groups. Trends toward increased injuries in the home and non-accidental trauma were not statistically significant.

CONCLUSION: Traumatic injury patterns have changed as a result of social distancing in both the adult and pediatric trauma populations. Analyzing the effects of social distancing on trauma can lead to a better development of preventive strategies.

Volume

224

Issue

1 Pt A

First Page

120

Last Page

124

ISSN

1879-1883

Disciplines

Medicine and Health Sciences

PubMedID

35400529

Department(s)

Department of Surgery, Department of Surgery Residents, Fellows and Residents

Document Type

Article

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