Transcanal Transpromontorial Approaches to the Internal Auditory Canal: A Systematic Review.
OBJECTIVE: Exclusive endoscopic (EETTA) and expanded (ExpTTA) transcanal transpromontorial approaches have shown promising results for treating internal auditory canal (IAC) lesions. We reviewed the literature to answer the question: "Do EETTA and ExpTTA achieve high rates of complete resection and low rates of complications in treating patients with IAC pathologies?"
DATA SOURCES: PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochrane were searched.
REVIEW METHODS: Studies reporting EETTA/ExpTTA for IAC pathologies were included. Indications and techniques were discussed and meta-analyzed rates of outcomes and complications were obtained with random-effect model meta-analyses.
RESULTS: We included 16 studies comprising 173 patients, all with non-serviceable hearing. Baseline FN function was mostly House-Brackmann-I (96.5%; 95% CI: 94.9-98.1%). Most lesions were vestibular/cochlear schwannomas (98.3%; 95% CI: 96.7-99.8%) of Koos-I (45.9%; 95% CI: 41.3-50.3%) or II (47.1%; 95% CI: 43-51.1%). EETTA was performed in 101 patients (58.4%; 95% CI: 52.4-64.3%) and ExpTTA in 72 (41.6%; 95% CI: 35.6-47.6%), achieving gross-total resection in all cases. Transient complications occurred in 30 patients (17.3%; 95% CI: 13.9-20.5%), with meta-analyzed rates of 9% (95% CI: 4-15%), comprising FN palsy with spontaneous resolution (10.4%; 95% CI: 7.7-13.1%). Persistent complications occurred in 34 patients (19.6%; 95% CI: 17.1-22.2%), with meta-analyzed rates of 12% (95% CI: 7-19%), comprising persistent FN palsy in 22 patients (12.7%; 95% CI: 10.2-15.2%). Mean follow-up was 16 months (range, 1-69; 95% CI: 14.7-17.4). Post-surgery FN function was stable in 131 patients (75.8%; 95% CI: 72.1-79.5%), worsened in 38 (21.9%; 95% CI: 18.8-25%), and improved in 4 (2.3%; 95% CI: 0.7-3.9%), with meta-analyzed rates of improved/stable response of 84% (95% CI: 76-90%).
CONCLUSION: Transpromontorial approaches offer newer routes for IAC surgery, but their restricted indications and unfavorable FN outcomes currently limit their use. Laryngoscope, 2023.
Published In/Presented At
Palmisciano, P., Doyle, E. J., 3rd, Hoz, S. S., Cass, D., Samy, R. N., Andaluz, N., & Zuccarello, M. (2023). Transcanal Transpromontorial Approaches to the Internal Auditory Canal: A Systematic Review. The Laryngoscope, 10.1002/lary.30703. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1002/lary.30703
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Surgery