Contemporary utilization of the axillary artery in cardiac surgery.
INTRODUCTION: The axillary artery is a reliable inflow vessel when addressing pathology of the aortic root and aortic arch that may preclude standard central cannulation strategies. This narrative review examines the use of the axillary artery in cardiac surgery. Anatomy, indications for use, cannulation strategies, and potential complications will be discussed.
METHODS: A comprehensive review of the current literature was performed using PubMed, Cochrane Review, and authoritative committee guidelines. A narrative review incorporating current available evidence was undertaken.
COMMENT: Use of the axillary artery in select cardiac surgical cases is reliable, reproducible, and may be preferable in certain cases involving ascending aortic pathology, reoperative surgery, porcelain aorta, access for transcatheter valve therapies, and peripheral mechanical circulatory support.
Published In/Presented At
Rogers, M. P., DeSantis, A. J., Gemayel, K., Bommareddi, S. R., Caceres Polo, M., & Hooker, R. L. (2022). Contemporary utilization of the axillary artery in cardiac surgery. Journal of cardiac surgery, 37(12), 5404–5410. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocs.17230
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Surgery