Epidural Lipomatosis and Syringomyelia in Adulthood: Case Report and Literature Review.
BACKGROUND: We review 2 previously published cases of epidural lipomatosis associated with syringomyelia. We also present the case of a 42-year-old woman with a medullary syrinx from C1 to T3, initially only with upper limb paresthesias that presented after 10 years of follow-up for left hemiparesis and paresthesias in the tongue. Chiari malformation and cerebral or spinal space-occupying lesions were ruled out, as were other causes of syrinx except the presence of epidural lipomatosis extending from T1 to T12.
CASE DESCRIPTION: Right laminotomies were performed from T1 to T12, removing excessive epidural fat tissue. After surgery the symptoms remained stable. At discharge the patient progressively recovered from the hemiparesis, and in follow-up magnetic resonance imaging the resolution of the syrinx was confirmed.
CONCLUSIONS: This is the third case of a patient with a spinal syrinx and no other related causes except from spinal lipomatosis, although with only 3 cases it is not possible to completely state that lipomatosis caused the syrinx. Our case supports the trend established by the 2 previous cases. For treatment, initially patients should be managed conservatively, trying to correct the underlying etiologies of spinal lipomatosis. In case of failed conservative treatment, removal of adipose epidural excess in the most appropriate way is preferred.
Published In/Presented At
Sáez-Alegre, M., Pérez López, C., Giner García, J., Junnior Palpán Flores, A., García Feijoo, P., Vivancos Sánchez, C., & Isla Guerrero, A. (2019). Epidural Lipomatosis and Syringomyelia in Adulthood: Case Report and Literature Review. World neurosurgery, 129, 341–344. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.06.075
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Surgery, Department of Surgery Residents, Fellows and Residents