Use of intravenous cangrelor in the treatment of ruptured and unruptured cerebral aneurysms: an updated single-center analysis and pooled analysis of current studies.
BACKGROUND: Intracranial stent placement for the treatment of cerebral aneurysms is increasingly utilized in both ruptured and unruptured scenarios. Intravenous (IV) cangrelor is a relatively new antiplatelet agent that was initially approved for coronary interventions. In addition to our institution, five other centers have published their results using IV cangrelor in neurointerventional procedures. This article combines the aneurysm treatment data from all prior studies to provide insight into the safety and efficacy of cangrelor for intracranial aneurysm treatment.
METHODS: A prospectively maintained database was reviewed to identify all cases of IV cangrelor administration during aneurysm embolization. 20 additional patients were identified who had not been previously published. In addition, a literature search was performed to identify prior publications regarding cangrelor in neurointervention. The data from these were combined with our institutional results in a pooled-analysis.
RESULTS: Overall, 85 patients who received IV cangrelor during aneurysm embolization were identified, including 46 ruptured and 39 unruptured cases. The asymptomatic and symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage rates were 4% (2/46) for ruptured cases and 2.6% (1/39) for unruptured cases. The rate of retroperitoneal hematoma and gastrointestinal bleeding was 0%. There were no incidents of intraprocedural thromboembolic complication or intraprocedural in-stent thrombosis in either cohort. One subject suffered an ischemic stroke at 24 hours secondary to in-stent thrombosis in a ruptured case.
CONCLUSIONS: IV cangrelor during aneurysm embolization appears to be safe, with a symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage rate of 4% in ruptured cases and 2.6% in unruptured cases. More research is needed to determine the ideal dosing regimen.
Published In/Presented At
Entezami, P., Dalfino, J. C., Boulos, A. S., Yamamoto, J., Holden, D. N., Field, N. C., Rock, A. K., Najera, E., & Paul, A. R. (2023). Use of intravenous cangrelor in the treatment of ruptured and unruptured cerebral aneurysms: an updated single-center analysis and pooled analysis of current studies. Journal of neurointerventional surgery, 15(7), 669–673. https://doi.org/10.1136/neurintsurg-2022-018986
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Surgery, Fellows and Residents, Department of Surgery Residents