How Does Reduction Mammaplasty Surgical Technique Impact Clinical, Aesthetic, and Patient-Reported Outcomes?: A Comparison of the Superomedial and Inferior Pedicle Techniques.
BACKGROUND: A comprehensive comparison of surgical, aesthetic, and quality of life outcomes by reduction mammaplasty technique does not exist. We sought to ascertain the effect of technique on clinical, aesthetic, and patient-reported outcomes.
METHODS: Patients with symptomatic macromastia undergoing a superomedial or inferior pedicle reduction mammoplasty by a single surgeon were identified. BREAST-Q surveys were administered. Postoperative breast aesthetics were assessed in 50 matched-patients. Patient characteristics, complications, quality of life, and aesthetic scores were analyzed.
RESULTS: Overall, 101 patients underwent reductions; 60.3% had a superomedial pedicle. Superomedial pedicle patients were more likely to have grade 3 ptosis (P < 0.01) and had significantly shorter procedure time (P < 0.01). Only the inferior pedicle technique resulted in wound dehiscence (P = 0.03) and reoperations from complications (P < 0.01). Those who underwent an inferior pedicle reduction were 4.3 times more likely to experience a postoperative complication (P = 0.03). No differences in quality of life existed between cohorts (P > 0.05). Superomedial pedicle patients received significantly better scarring scores (P = 0.03).
CONCLUSIONS: The superomedial pedicle reduction mammoplasty technique provides clinical and aesthetic benefits compared with the inferior pedicle technique.
Published In/Presented At
Cunning, J. R., Mookerjee, V. G., Alper, D. P., Rios-Diaz, A. J., Bauder, A. R., Kimia, R., Broach, R. B., Barrette, L. X., Fischer, J. P., & Butler, P. D. (2023). How Does Reduction Mammaplasty Surgical Technique Impact Clinical, Aesthetic, and Patient-Reported Outcomes?: A Comparison of the Superomedial and Inferior Pedicle Techniques. Annals of plastic surgery, 91(1), 28–35. https://doi.org/10.1097/SAP.0000000000003610
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Surgery, Fellows and Residents