Nerve transfer for restoration of lower motor neuron-lesioned bladder function. Part 1: attenuation of purinergic bladder smooth muscle contractions.
This study determined the effect of pelvic organ decentralization and reinnervation 1 yr later on the contribution of muscarinic and purinergic receptors to ex vivo, nerve-evoked, bladder smooth muscle contractions. Nineteen canines underwent decentralization by bilateral transection of all coccygeal and sacral (S) spinal roots, dorsal roots of lumbar (L)7, and hypogastric nerves. After exclusions, 8 were reinnervated 12 mo postdecentralization with obturator-to-pelvic and sciatic-to-pudendal nerve transfers then euthanized 8-12 mo later. Four served as long-term decentralized only animals. Controls included six sham-operated and three unoperated animals. Detrusor muscle was assessed for contractile responses to potassium chloride (KCl) and electric field stimulation (EFS) before and after purinergic receptor desensitization with α, β-methylene adenosine triphosphate (α,β-mATP), muscarinic receptor antagonism with atropine, or sodium channel blockade with tetrodotoxin. Atropine inhibition of EFS-induced contractions increased in decentralized and reinnervated animals compared with controls. Maximal contractile responses to α,β-mATP did not differ between groups. In strips from decentralized and reinnervated animals, the contractile response to EFS was enhanced at lower frequencies compared with normal controls. The observation of increased blockade of nerve-evoked contractions by muscarinic antagonist with no change in responsiveness to purinergic agonist suggests either decreased ATP release or increased ecto-ATPase activity in detrusor muscle as a consequence of the long-term decentralization. The reduction in the frequency required to produce maximum contraction following decentralization may be due to enhanced nerve sensitivity to EFS or a change in the effectiveness of the neurotransmission.
Published In/Presented At
Frara, N., Giaddui, D., Braverman, A. S., Porreca, D. S., Brown, J. M., Mazzei, M., Wagner, I. J., Pontari, M. A., Tiwari, E., Testa, C. L., Yu, D., Hobson, L. J., Barbe, M. F., & Ruggieri, M. R., Sr (2021). Nerve transfer for restoration of lower motor neuron-lesioned bladder function. Part 1: attenuation of purinergic bladder smooth muscle contractions. American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology, 320(6), R885–R896. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpregu.00299.2020
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Surgery