Study of comparative surgical exposure to the petroclival region using patient-specific, petroclival meningioma virtual reality models.
OBJECTIVE: Despite advancement of surgical techniques, the attachments of petroclival meningiomas near the central clival depression (CCD) remain difficult to visualize. With existing methods, the amount of tumor near the CCD that is inaccessible through various approaches cannot be compared. Tumors distort the brainstem, changing the size of the operative corridor for some but not all approaches; therefore, using cadavers with normal posterior fossae makes it impossible to compare different approaches to the tumor. The authors used virtual reality (VR) models created from the imaging data of patients to compare various surgical approaches that have otherwise been incomparable in previous studies.
METHODS: CT and MRI data obtained in 15 patients with petroclival meningiomas were used to create anatomically accurate 3D VR models. For each model, various surgical approaches were performed, and the surgical freedom to 6 targets of the regions were measured. Furthermore, portions of the tumor that were visually blocked by the brainstem or bony structures were segmented and recorded as blinded volumes for comparison.
RESULTS: The extended retrosigmoid approach generated excellent exposure of the petroclival region, but for most specimens, there was inaccessible tumor volume adjacent to the brainstem (mean 641.3 mm3, SE 161.8). In contrast, the brainstem sides of the tumors were well-visualized by all the transpetrosal approaches. The blinded volume of the tumor was largest for the retrolabyrinthine approach, and this was statistically significant compared with all other approaches (mean 2381.3 mm3, SE 185.4).
CONCLUSIONS: The authors performed a novel laboratory study by using patient CT and MRI data to generate 3D virtual models to compare surgical approaches. Since it is impossible to perform various approaches in separate surgeries in patients for comparison, VR represents a viable alternative for such comparative investigations.
Published In/Presented At
Jean, W. C., Yang, Y., Srivastava, A., Tai, A. X., Herur-Raman, A., Kim, H. J., Li, D., & Wu, Z. (2021). Study of comparative surgical exposure to the petroclival region using patient-specific, petroclival meningioma virtual reality models. Neurosurgical focus, 51(2), E13. https://doi.org/10.3171/2021.5.FOCUS201036
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Surgery