The Benefits of Limited Orbitotomy on the Supraorbital Approach: An Anatomic and Morphometric Study in Virtual Reality.
BACKGROUND: Cadaveric studies on surgical anatomy and approaches are hampered by the limited number of specimens. Virtual reality (VR) technology can overcome this limitation, allowing for more in-depth statistical analysis of the data.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the benefit of a supraorbital ridge osteotomy in a supraorbital craniotomy targeting (1) the anterior communicating artery complex (ACOM), and (2) a lesion 25 mm above tuberculum sellae, using a large dataset generated by VR.
METHODS: Computed tomography scans of 30 subjects without cranial osseous pathology were identified for use with VR technology. After correlating VR and DICOM datasets, supraorbital craniotomies were simulated without and with removal of supraorbital ridge, bilaterally (n = 60). Area of freedom (AOF) from the outer table to the targets and the vertical center angle (VCA) to targets were calculated, before and after the orbitotomy.
RESULTS: For the ACOM, AOF averaged 496 mm2 (range: 322-805) and increased 8.9% to an average of 547 mm2 with the removal of the supraorbital ridge (P < .001). VCA increased from 18.5 to 20.3 degrees. For the suprasellar target, AOF averaged 507 mm2 (range 324-772) and increased 42.5% to 722 mm2 after orbitotomy (P < .001). VCA increased from 22.1 to 30.8 degrees.
CONCLUSION: VR technology is an emerging tool to study neurosurgical approaches. Here, we demonstrate with VR that the removal of the supraorbital ridge in a supraorbital craniotomy affords greater access to superiorly located lesions of the anterior fossa floor; however, deeper and lower lesions require a more aggressive orbital roof osteotomy to widen the exposure.
Published In/Presented At
Tai, A. X., Sack, K. D., Herur-Raman, A., & Jean, W. C. (2020). The Benefits of Limited Orbitotomy on the Supraorbital Approach: An Anatomic and Morphometric Study in Virtual Reality. Operative neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.), 18(5), 542–550. https://doi.org/10.1093/ons/opz201
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Surgery