TNF-α Preconditioning Promotes a Proangiogenic Phenotype in hiPSC-Derived Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells.
INTRODUCTION: hiPSC-VSMCs have been suggested as therapeutic agents for wound healing and revascularization through the secretion of proangiogenic factors. However, methods of increasing cell paracrine secretion and survivability have thus far yielded inconsistent results. This study investigates the effect of pre-conditioning of hiPSC-VSMCs with TNF-α and their integration into 3D collagen scaffolds on cellular viability and secretome.
METHODS: hiPSC-VSMCs were dual-plated in a 2D environment. TNF-α was introduced to one plate. Following incubation, cells from each plate were divided and added to type-I collagen scaffolds. TNF-α was introduced to two sets of scaffolds, one from each 2D plate. Following incubation, scaffolds were harvested for their media, tested for cell survivability, cytotoxicity, and imaged. Intra-media VEGF and bFGF levels were evaluated using ELISA testing.
RESULTS: hiPSC-VSMCs exposed to TNF-α during collagen scaffold proliferation and preconditioning showed an increase in cell viability and less cytotoxicity compared to non-exposed cells and solely-preconditioned cells. Significant increases in bFGF expression were found in pre-conditioned cell groups with further increases found in cells subsequently exposed during intra-scaffold conditioning. A significant increase in VEGF expression was found in cell groups exposed during both pre-conditioning and intra-scaffold conditioning. Fibroblasts treated with any conditioned media demonstrated increased migration potential.
CONCLUSIONS: Conditioning hiPSC-VSMCs embedded in scaffolds with TNF-α improves cellular viability and increases the secretion of paracrine factors necessary for wound healing mechanisms such as migration.
SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s12195-023-00764-0.
Published In/Presented At
Sasson, D. C., Islam, S., Duan, K., Dash, B. C., & Hsia, H. C. (2023). TNF-α Preconditioning Promotes a Proangiogenic Phenotype in hiPSC-Derived Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells. Cellular and molecular bioengineering, 16(3), 231–240. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12195-023-00764-0
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Surgery Residents, Fellows and Residents