Patient Outcomes in Traumatic Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: A Retrospective Analysis.

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INTRODUCTION: Patients with isolated traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage (itSAH) are often transferred to a Level I or II trauma center for neurosurgical evaluation. Recent literature suggests that some patients, such as those with high Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) scores, may be safely observed without neurosurgical consultation. The objective of this study was to investigate characteristics of patients with itSAH to determine the clinical utility of neurosurgical evaluation and repeat imaging.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 350 patients aged ≥ 18 y with initial computed tomography head (CTH) showing itSAH and GCS scores of 13-15. Patient demographics, medical history, medications, length of stay, transfer status, injury type and severity, and CTH results were extracted for analysis. Bivariate analyses were conducted to determine whether any factors were associated with a worsening repeat CTH.

RESULTS: Most patients were female (57.4%) with blunt injuries (99.1%). The median age was 73 y. Neurosurgery was consulted for 342 (97.7%) patients, with one (0.3%) requiring intervention. Of 311 (88.9%) repeat imaging, 16 (5.1%) showed worsening. Factors with statistically significant associations with worsening CTH included injury severity; neurological deficit; lengths of stay; and a history of congestive heart failure, cirrhosis, or substance use disorder.

CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest that patients with itSAH and high GCS scores may be able to be managed safely without neurosurgical oversight. The factors strongly associated with worsening CTH may be useful in identifying patients who need transfer for intensive care. Further research is needed to confirm these findings and develop appropriate management strategies for patients with itSAH.



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Medicine and Health Sciences




USF-LVHN SELECT Program, USF-LVHN SELECT Program Faculty, USF-LVHN SELECT Program Students, Department of Surgery, Department of Surgery Faculty, Department of Surgery Residents, Network Office of Research and Innovation

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