Recurrence rates at minimum 5-year follow-up: laparoscopic versus open sigmoid resection for uncomplicated diverticulitis.

Publication/Presentation Date



The aim of the study was to compare the impact of surgical access to sigmoid resection on recurrence rates in patients with uncomplicated diverticulitis of the sigmoid (UDS) at a minimum follow-up of 5 years. Recurrence after surgery was defined as left lower quadrant pain, fever, and leucocytosis with consistent CT and enema findings on admission and at 6 weeks, respectively. Outcome measures included splenic flexure mobilization, specimen length, inflammation at proximal resection margin, and presence of teniae coli at distal resection margin. Seventy-nine patients undergoing laparoscopic sigmoid resection (LSR) were compared with 79 matched controls with open sigmoid resection (OSR) operated on at 2 institutions during the same period. Patients were well matched for age, gender, body mass index, ASA grading, and symptoms duration, but not for follow-up length (81.9 versus 86.9 months, P = 0.046). Differences in rates of splenic flexure mobilization (19 versus 41, P < 0.001), specimen length (16.1 versus 18.3 cm, P = 0.048), inflammation at proximal resection margin (21 versus 4, P < 0.001), and teniae coli at distal resection margin (4 versus 53, P < 0.001) did not show an impact on recurrence rates when comparison was made between LSR and OSR. Three LSR patients and 7 OSR patients had 1 recurrence (P = 0.19). There were no significant differences in rates of flexure mobilization, specimen length, and rates of inflammation present at proximal resection margin in 10 recurring and 145 non-recurring patients. The rate of teniae coli present at distal resection margin was significantly increased in recurring patients (7 versus 43, P = 0.03). Median time of recurrence after surgery was 29 (range 18-74) months. Two of 11 recurrences occurred after 5 years. Surgical access to sigmoid resection for UDS is unlikely to have an impact on recurrence rates provided that the oral bowel end is anastomosed to the proximal rectum rather than to the distal sigmoid.





First Page


Last Page





Medicine and Health Sciences




Department of Surgery

Document Type