Developing an International Framework for Informed Consent in Plastic Surgery: A Focus on Cosmetic Breast Augmentation.
BACKGROUND: Informed consent is a fundamental pillar of patient rights and is an essential part of good clinical practice. In 2019, the International Confederation of Plastic Surgery Societies launched a survey to collect feedback on informed consent practices, with an aim to develop an international guideline for cosmetic surgery.
METHODS: A 15-question survey was sent to delegates of the International Confederation of Plastic Surgery Societies for dissemination to their national society members. The survey comprised a range of quantitative and qualitative questions. Descriptive and thematic analysis was performed.
RESULTS: There were 364 respondents. Over half of the respondents reported no local informed consent policy, whereas others noted national society, specialist college, or government policies. The majority of respondents believed that the performing surgeon should be responsible for obtaining informed consent with at least two face-to-face consultations. Most respondents agreed with a cooling-off period (duration based on procedure type and use of high-risk devices). Regarding cosmetic breast augmentation, the majority of respondents felt that the performing surgeon should be responsible for postoperative management, including cases that occur as part of surgical tourism. Some respondents incorporate financial consent as part of their informed consent practice. Most supported the development of an international informed consent guideline.
CONCLUSIONS: Informed consent should result from face-to-face consultations with the performing surgeon. There should be a minimum cooling-off period. Postoperative surveillance should be available in all settings. The findings of this survey will help inform an international standardized informed consent guideline for cosmetic surgery.
Published In/Presented At
Cooter, R. D., Brightman, L. A., Deva, A., Murphy, R. X., Jr, Larsen, M., & Khashaba, A. (2023). Developing an International Framework for Informed Consent in Plastic Surgery: A Focus on Cosmetic Breast Augmentation. Plastic and reconstructive surgery. Global open, 11(11), e5371. https://doi.org/10.1097/GOX.0000000000005371
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Surgery