The Use of Patient Registries in Breast Surgery: a Comparison of the Tracking Operations and Outcomes for Plastic Surgeons and National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Data Sets.
BACKGROUND: The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) and the Tracking Operations and Outcomes for Plastic Surgeons (TOPS) registries gather outcomes for plastic surgery procedures. The NSQIP collects hospital data using trained nurses, and the TOPS relies on self-reported data. We endeavored to compare the TOPS and NSQIP data sets with respect to cohort characteristics and outcomes to better understand the strengths and weakness of each registry as afforded by their distinct data collection methods.
STUDY DESIGN: The 2008 to 2011 TOPS and NSQIP databases were queried for breast reductions and breast reconstructions. Propensity score matching identified similar cohorts from the TOPS and NSQIP databases. Shared 30-day surgical and medical complications rates were compared across matched cohorts.
RESULTS: The TOPS captured a significantly greater number of wound dehiscence occurrences (4.77%-5.47% vs 0.69%-1.17%, all P0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: The TOPS and NSQIP capture significantly different patient populations, with TOPS' self-reported data allowing for the inclusion of private practices. This self-reporting limits TOPS' ability to identify medical complications; surgical complications and readmissions, however, were not underreported. Many surgical complications are captured by TOPS at a higher rate due to its broader definitions, and others are not captured by NSQIP at all. The TOPS and NSQIP provide complementary information with different strengths and weakness that together can guide evidence-based decision making in plastic surgery.
Published In/Presented At
Khavanin, N., Gutowski, K. A., Hume, K. M., Simmons, C. J., Mlodinow, A. S., Weiss, M., & ... Kim, J. S. (2015). The use of patient registries in breast surgery: a comparison of the tracking operations and outcomes for plastic surgeons and national surgical quality improvement program data sets. Annals Of Plastic Surgery, 74(2), 157-162. doi:10.1097/SAP.0000000000000383
Other Medical Specialties | Surgery
Department of Surgery, Department of Surgery Faculty