Five-Year Outcomes After Bicuspid Aortic Valve Replacement With a Novel Tissue Bioprosthesis.

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BACKGROUND: This study investigated the safety and effectiveness of surgical aortic valve replacement with RESILIA tissue (Edwards Lifesciences) through 5 years in patients with native bicuspid aortic valves. Outcomes were compared with those for patients with tricuspid aortic valves.

METHODS: Of 689 patients from the COMMENCE (ProspeCtive, nOn-randoMized, MulticENter) trial who received the study valve, 645 had documented native valve morphology and core laboratory-evaluable echocardiograms from any postoperative visit, which were used to model hemodynamic outcomes over 5 years. Linear mixed-effects models were used to estimate longitudinal changes in mean gradient and effective orifice area.

RESULTS: Patients with native bicuspid aortic valves (n = 214) were more than a decade younger than those with tricuspid aortic valves (n = 458; 59.8 ± 12.4 years vs 70.2 ± 9.5 years; P < .001). The bicuspid aortic valve cohort exhibited no structural valve deterioration over 5 years, and rates of paravalvular leak and transvalvular regurgitation were low (0.7% and 2.9%, respectively [all mild] at 5 years). These outcomes mirrored those in patients with native tricuspid aortic valves. The model-estimated postoperative mean gradient and effective orifice area, as well as the rate of change of these outcomes, adjusted for age, body surface area, and bioprosthesis size, did not differ between the 2 cohorts.

CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with bicuspid aortic valves, RESILIA tissue valves demonstrated excellent outcomes to 5 years, including no structural valve deterioration and very low rates of paravalvular and transvalvular regurgitation. These results are encouraging for RESILIA tissue durability in young patients.




Medicine and Health Sciences




Department of Surgery

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