Anatomical Study of the Supratentorial Extension for the Retrolabyrinthine Presigmoid Approaches.

Publication/Presentation Date



BACKGROUND: Supra-tentorial craniotomy represents the upper part of the combined trans-tentorial or the supra-infra-tentorial presigmoid approach. In this study, we provide qualitative and quantitative analyses for the supratentorial extension of the presigmoid retrolabyrinthine suprameatal approach (PRSA).

METHODS: The infratentorial PRSA followed by the supratentorial extension craniotomy with dividing and removal of the tentorial strip were performed on both sides of 5 injected human cadaver heads (n=10 sides). Quantitative analysis was performed for the surface area gained (surgical accessibility) by adding the supratentorial craniotomy. Qualitative analysis was performed for the parts of the brainstem, cranial nerves, and vascular structures that became accessible by adding the supratentorial craniotomy. The anatomical obstacles encountered in the added operative corridor were analyzed.

RESULTS: The supratentorial extension of PRSA provides an increase in surgical accessibility of 102.65% as compared to the PRSA standalone. The mean surface area of the exposed brainstem is 197.98 (SD: 76.222) and 401.209 (SD: 123.96) for the infratentorial and the combined supra-infratentorial presigmoid approach, respectively. Exposure for parts of III, IV, and V cranial nerves is added after the extension, and the surface area of the outer craniotomy defect has increased by 60.32%. Parts of the basilar, anterior inferior cerebellar, and superior cerebellar arteries are accessible after the supratentorial extension.

CONCLUSION: The supratentorial extension of PRSA allows access to the supra-trigeminal area of the pons and the lower part of the midbrain. Considering this surgical accessibility and exposure significantly assists in planning such complex approaches while targeting central skull base lesions.




Medicine and Health Sciences




Department of Surgery

Document Type