Minimally Invasive Harvest of The Gracilis Muscle.
Acceptance of minimally invasive plastic surgery has been predicated on decreasing morbidity while maintaining the quality and costs of outcomes. The major patient complaint about the gracilis muscle donor site has almost solely been related to the length of the thigh scar, and thus would appear to be an ideal indication for outcome improvement using minimally invasive techniques. A method of endoscopically assisted gracilis muscle harvest, therefore, was developed, starting with a transverse incision just proximal to the knee to identify the gracilis tendon. This endoscopic port allows retrograde subfascial dissection of the muscle and precise identification of its anatomic course, whereupon a small proximal medial thigh incision can be made secondarily for direct access to the vascular pedicle. This variation has now been used successfully in 10 patients. The mean proximal thigh scar length was 8.30 +/- 0.74 (SD) cm, and total surgical scars measured 11.84 +/- 0.95 cm, compared with 27.73 +/- 9.55 cm for 16 patients for whom an open method had been used. This diminished scar length was a statistically significant improvement (p < 0.05), verifying the value of the surgical endoscope as an adjunct for harvest of the gracilis muscle as a free flap.
Published In/Presented At
Hallock, G. G. (1999). Minimally invasive harvest of the gracilis muscle. Plastic And Reconstructive Surgery, 104(3), 801-805.
Medicine and Health Sciences | Other Medical Specialties | Surgery
Department of Surgery, Department of Surgery Faculty