Impact of Automobile Restraint Device Utilization on Facial Fractures and Fiscal Implications for Plastic Surgeons.
In 2009, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration projected that 33,963 people would die and millions would be injured in motor vehicle collisions (MVC). Multiple studies have evaluated the impact of restraint devices in MVCs. This study examines longitudinal changes in facial fractures after MVC as result of utilization of restraint devices. The Pennsylvania Trauma Systems Foundation-Pennsylvania Trauma Outcomes Study database was queried for MVCs from 1989 to 2009. Restraint device use was noted, and facial fractures were identified by International Classification of Diseases-ninth revision codes. Surgeon cost data were extrapolated. More than 15,000 patients sustained ≥1 facial fracture. Only orbital blowout fractures increased over 20 years. Patients were 2.1% less likely every year to have ≥1 facial fracture, which translated into decreased estimated surgeon charges. Increased use of protective devices by patients involved in MVCs resulted in a change in incidence of different facial fractures with reduced need for reconstructive surgery.
Published In/Presented At
Adkinson, J. M., & Murphy, R. J. (2011). Impact of automobile restraint device utilization on facial fractures and fiscal implications for plastic surgeons. Annals Of Plastic Surgery, 66(5), 472-475. doi:10.1097/SAP.0b013e318214532c
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