Impact of aspirin use on rates of metastasis in patients with esophageal cancer: insights from the National Inpatient Sample.

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Despite advancing treatment methods, esophageal cancer (EC) maintains a high mortality rate and poor prognosis. Through various mechanisms, aspirin has been suggested to have a chemopreventive effect on EC. However, the long-term impact, particularly regarding the rate of metastasis, needs to be further elucidated. NIS 2016-2020 was used to identify adult patients (age > 18 years) with EC using ICD-10 codes. Patients with missing demographics and mortality were excluded. Patients were stratified into two groups based on aspirin use. Data were collected on patient demographics, Elixhauser Comorbidity Index (ECI), and comorbidities (hypertension, chronic pulmonary disease, coronary artery disease (CAD), chronic kidney disease (CKD), congestive heart failure (CHF), coagulopathy, alcohol use, smoking, and obesity). The outcomes studied were rates of total metastasis, gastrointestinal (GI) metastasis, non-GI metastasis, and lymphoid metastasis. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate the impact of aspirin use on various metastases after adjusting for patient demographics, comorbidities, and ECI. Out of 190,655 patients, 20,650 (10.8%) patients were aspirin users. Majority of the patients in the aspirin group were aged > 65 years (74.7%), males (82.1%), White race (84%), and had medicare insurance (71%). There was a higher incidence of diabetes, hypertension, chronic pulmonary disease, CAD, CKD, CHF, and smoking in aspirin users than non-aspirin users. Patients with aspirin users had a lower incidence of metastasis (28.9% vs. 38.7%, P < 0.001), GI metastasis (14.2% vs. 20.6%, P < 0.001), non-GI metastasis (15.1% vs. 22%, P < 0.001), and lymphoid metastasis (8.9% vs. 11.3%, P < 0.001) than non-aspirin users. After adjusting for confounding factors, patients with aspirin use had lower odds of having metastasis (aOR-0.73, 95% CI-0.70-0.77, P < 0.001). Our study noted that aspirin use is associated with a reduction in the rate of metastasis in patients with EC. These studies support the use of aspirin in patients with EC and suggest the need for further studies to understand the mechanism by which aspirin use reduces metastasis in patients with EC.




Medicine and Health Sciences




Fellows and Residents, Hematology-Medical Oncology Division Fellows and Residents

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