Localization of pediatric seizure semiology.
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between semiology of seizures in children and adolescents to the corresponding EEG localization.
METHODS: Charts of 225 consecutive pediatric epilepsy patients undergoing Video-EEG monitoring (VEM) over 2 years were reviewed. Seizure semiology recorded during VEM was classified according to ILAE seizure semiology terminology and EEG localization, and analyzed based on onset as defined by the EEG data (generalized, frontal, temporal, parietal, occipital or multilobar).
RESULTS: A total of 1008 seizures were analyzed in 225 children (mean age 8.5 years, range 0-20), with 50% boys. Auras and seizures with automatisms arose predominantly from the temporal lobes (p
CONCLUSIONS: Different seizure semiologies relate to specific brain regions, with overlap between focal and generalized semiological seizure types, as identified electrographically.
SIGNIFICANCE: Semiology of seizures can provide important information for epilepsy localization, and should not be overlooked, especially in patients undergoing pre-surgical evaluation. Separation of clinical seizure description and EEG findings may be useful, in particular when only incomplete information is available. i.e. during the first office visit.
Published In/Presented At
Vendrame, M., Zarowski, M., Alexopoulos, A. V., Wyllie, E., Kothare, S. V., & Loddenkemper, T. (2011). Localization of pediatric seizure semiology. Clinical neurophysiology : official journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology, 122(10), 1924–1928. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinph.2011.03.005
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Medicine