Trends in Therapy and Outcomes Associated With Respiratory Failure in Patients Admitted to the Cardiac Intensive Care Unit.
PURPOSE: To describe the epidemiology, outcomes, and temporal trends of respiratory failure in the cardiac intensive care unit (CICU).
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort analysis of 2,986 unique Mayo Clinic CICU patients from 2007 to 2018 with respiratory failure. Temporal trends were analyzed, along with hospital and 1-year mortality. Multivariable logistic regression was used to determine adjusted hospital mortality trends.
RESULTS: The prevalence of respiratory failure in the CICU increased from 15% to 38% during the study period (
CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of respiratory failure in CICU more than doubled during the last decade. The use of noninvasive respiratory support increased, while overall mortality declined over time. Cardiac arrest and shock accounted for the majority of deaths. Further research is needed to optimize the outcomes of high-risk CICU patients with respiratory failure.
Published In/Presented At
Jentzer, J. C., Alviar, C. L., Miller, P. E., Metkus, T., Bennett, C. E., Morrow, D. A., Barsness, G. W., Kashani, K. B., & Gajic, O. (2022). Trends in Therapy and Outcomes Associated With Respiratory Failure in Patients Admitted to the Cardiac Intensive Care Unit. Journal of intensive care medicine, 37(4), 543–554. https://doi.org/10.1177/08850666211003489
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Medicine, Cardiology Division