Title

Dual Antiplatelet Therapy Is Associated With Coagulopathy Detectable by Thrombelastography in Acute Stroke.

Publication/Presentation Date

1-1-2020

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Thrombelastography (TEG) provides a global, dynamic measure of coagulation. We examined the effect of antiplatelet (AP) medications on coagulation in patients with acute stroke as measured by TEG.

METHODS: We reviewed prospectively collected data on patients presenting with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) and spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) between 2009 and 2014. Patient demographics and baseline TEG values were compared among 4 different drug use groups: aspirin only, clopidogrel only, both aspirin and clopidogrel, and no AP. Multivariable regression models were conducted to compare the differences in TEG components.

RESULTS: A total of 202 patients were included, 139 with AIS and 63 with ICH. Forty-eight (24%) patients were taking aspirin alone, 12 (6%) were taking clopidogrel, 16 (8%) dual AP, and 126 (62%) no AP. Dual AP use was associated with prolonged mean R (time to initiate clotting) of 5.5 minutes as compared to no AP use (4.6 minutes,

CONCLUSION: Dual AP therapy is associated with a detectable coagulopathy which may have implications in the management of patients with AIS and hemorrhagic stroke. The effects of single AP therapy may not be demonstrated by TEG.

Volume

35

Issue

1

First Page

68

Last Page

73

ISSN

1525-1489

Disciplines

Medicine and Health Sciences

PubMedID

28931362

Department(s)

Department of Medicine

Document Type

Article

COinS