Single Coronary Artery Arising from the Right Sinus of Valsalva and the Role of Coronary Computed Tomography Angiography.
There are many variations of coronary anatomy encountered during coronary angiogram. Anatomy demonstrating a single coronary artery is a rare congenital coronary artery anomaly. The entire heart is supplied solely by a coronary artery with single coronary ostium. We present a rare case of single coronary artery arising from the right sinus of Valsalva. The patient had presented with atypical chest pain and a stress test was performed, which was abnormal. We proceeded with coronary angiography which showed a common ostium of the right and left coronary artery coming from the right coronary cusp. The coronary computed tomography angiography revealed the left main had a pre-pulmonic course, crossing the base of the heart and passing anterior to the pulmonary artery and then branching into the left anterior descending artery and left circumflex artery. Patients with single coronary artery usually has benign prognosis; however, a specific coronary anomaly may result in myocardial ischemia and sudden cardiac death if the anomalous coronary artery takes an intra-arterial course, running between the aorta and the pulmonary artery. Coronary computed tomography angiography is a useful imaging modality to identify anatomical course of coronary anomaly.
Published In/Presented At
Anuwatworn, A., Karta, P., Yee, J., Li, S., Kumar, V., & Steffen, K. (2018). Single Coronary Artery Arising from the Right Sinus of Valsalva and the Role of Coronary Computed Tomography Angiography. South Dakota medicine : the journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association, 71(3), 130–132.
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Medicine, Cardiology Division