The effect of intraluminal content on the bursting strength of vessels ligated with the harmonic ACE and LigaSure V.
PURPOSE: Energy-based surgical devices (ESDs) are critical for maintaining hemostasis during laparoscopy; however, there are no studies that have evaluated the function of ESDs under different physiologic conditions. We evaluated the effect of intraluminal vessel content on bursting pressure (BP) after ligation with two ESDs: the Harmonic ACE and the LigaSure V.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bursting trials were performed on the vasculature of 24 pigs. Blood vessels were distended with blood of different hematocrit concentrations or an albumin solution of varying protein content. The vessel size and BP of each vessel was recorded after ligation with each ESD.
RESULTS: In arteries 0 to 3 mm and veins 0 to 3 mm in size ligated with the Harmonic ACE or the LigaSure V, there were significantly elevated vessel BPs with supraphysiologic intraluminal hematocrits. In arteries and veins ligated with the Harmonic ACE, increasing albumin concentrations also led to increasing BPs, though these maximal BPs were lower than those obtained with supraphysiologic hematocrit levels. Increasing albumin concentrations did not increase the BP of the LigaSure V. Within the ranges tested, there was no decrease in vessel BP associated with anemia.
CONCLUSION: In small vessels, a supraphysiologic hematocrit increased the BP of both arteries and veins when using the Harmonic ACE or the LigaSure V. With the devices tested, anemia did not seem to affect BP. While factors such as intraluminal protein concentration may play a role with ultrasonic energy devices, the mechanism of the increased BP remains unclear. Better understanding of ESDs will help in the design of future devices.
Published In/Presented At
Phillips, C. K., Hruby, G. W., Mirabile, G., Motamedinia, P., Durak, E., Lehman, D. S., Hong, P. W., & Landman, J. (2008). The effect of intraluminal content on the bursting strength of vessels ligated with the harmonic ACE and LigaSure V. Journal of endourology, 22(6), 1383–1387. https://doi.org/10.1089/end.2008.0079
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Medicine