Genomic organization of the human COL3A1 and COL5A2 genes: COL5A2 has evolved differently than the other minor fibrillar collagen genes.
We report here on the complete structure of the human COL3A1 and COL5A2 genes. Collagens III and V, together with collagens I, II and XI make up the group of fibrillar collagens, all of which share a similar structure and function; however, despite the similar size of the major triple-helical domain, the number of exons coding for the domain differs between the genes for the major fibrillar collagens characterized so far (I, II, and III) and the minor ones (V and XI). The main triple-helical domain being encoded by 49-50 exons, including the junction exons, in the COL5A1, COL11A1 and COL11A2 genes, but by 43-44 exons in the genes for the major fibrillar collagens. Characterization of the genomic structure of the COL3A1 gene confirmed its association with the major fibrillar collagen genes, but surprisingly, the genomic organization of the COL5A2 gene was found to be similar to that of the COL3A1 gene. We also confirmed that the two genes are located in tail-to-tail orientation with an intergenic distance of approximately 22 kb. Phylogenetic analysis suggested that they have evolved from a common ancestor gene. Analysis of the genomic sequences identified a novel single nucleotide polymorphism and a novel dinucleotide repeat. These polymorphisms should be useful for linkage analysis of the Ehlers-Danlos syndrome and related disorders.
Published In/Presented At
Välkkilä, M., Melkoniemi, M., Kvist, L., Kuivaniemi, H., Tromp, G., & Ala-Kokko, L. (2001). Genomic organization of the human COL3A1 and COL5A2 genes: COL5A2 has evolved differently than the other minor fibrillar collagen genes. Matrix biology : journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology, 20(5-6), 357–366. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0945-053x(01)00145-7
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine