Clinical and neuropsychological profile of patients with dementia and chronic traumatic encephalopathy.
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether subjects with chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) and dementia have distinct clinical features compared to subjects with pathologically confirmed Alzheimer's disease (AD).
METHODS: Among 339 subjects assessed for CTE in the National Alzheimer's Coordinating Center dataset, 6 subjects with CTE and 25 subjects with AD neuropathologic change matched for age (±5 years) and sex were identified. All subjects had a clinical diagnosis of dementia. Neurological examination, neuropsychological testing and emotional/behavioural data were compared between CTE and AD subjects at the time of dementia diagnosis and last clinical visit near death.
RESULTS: A history of traumatic brain injury with loss of consciousness (LOC) was reported in one CTE and one AD subject; information about injuries without LOC or multiple injuries was unavailable. CTE and AD subjects did not differ significantly at the time of diagnosis or last visit on the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale-Motor Exam, global measures of cognitive functioning (Mini-Mental State Exam and Clinical Dementia Rating Scale), emotional/behaviour symptoms as assessed with the Neuropsychiatric Inventory questionnaire or across neuropsychological measures. All CTE participants had co-occurring neuropathologic processes, including AD and most had TAR DNA-binding protein 43 (TDP-43) neuropathology.
CONCLUSIONS: CTE pathology was rare in a large multicentre national dataset, and when present, was accompanied by AD and TDP-43 pathologies. CTE was not associated with a different clinical presentation from AD or with greater cognitive impairment or neurobehavioral symptoms. These findings suggest that CTE may not have a distinct clinical profile when other neuropathologic processes are coexistent with CTE pathology.
Published In/Presented At
LoBue C, Schaffert J, Cullum CM, Peters ME, Didehbani N, Hart J, White CL. Clinical and neuropsychological profile of patients with dementia and chronic traumatic encephalopathy. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2020 Jun;91(6):586-592. doi: 10.1136/jnnp-2019-321567. Epub 2020 Apr 24. PMID: 32332103; PMCID: PMC7231625.
Department of Psychiatry