Educational Intervention Enhances Clinician Awareness of Christian, Jewish, and Islamic Teachings around End-of-Life Care.
BACKGROUND: Patients' religious and spiritual values impact their goals and perception of illness, especially at the end of life (EOL). According to the Joint Commission, identifying spiritual beliefs may improve cultural competency and patient-centered care. However, clinicians may be uncomfortable discussing spirituality and unaware of basic religious teachings.
OBJECTIVES: To assess clinician understanding and knowledge of key Christian, Jewish, and Islamic teachings around EOL care before and after a one-hour educational intervention through video podcast.
DESIGN: After literature review and consultation with religious leaders, a pre- and post-test (10 questions per religion plus demographic questions) to assess knowledge of Christian, Jewish, and Islamic teachings and an educational video podcast were developed. The pretest was administered to healthcare providers, followed by a one-hour educational intervention through a video podcast. Next, a post-test was administered.
SUBJECTS: Seventy-three healthcare providers participated in this study.
MEASUREMENTS: Differences between pretest and post-test scores were analyzed employing paired t-test tests using SPSS software.
RESULTS: The median score on the pretest was Christian: 6 [2-9], Jewish: 6 [4-10], and Islamic: 6 [2-8]. After the educational intervention, the median Christian, Jewish, and Islamic scores improved to 8 [4-10], 9 [6-10], and 10 [3-10], respectively (p < 0.0001). Additionally, the total pretest median score improved from 17 [10-24] to 27 [16-30].
CONCLUSIONS: A one-hour educational intervention through video podcast significantly improved understanding of Christian, Jewish, and Islamic teachings around EOL care. The video podcast enabled easy distribution of the educational session to multiple facilities and providers. Additional research is needed to determine the longitudinal outcomes and impact on patient outcomes of this intervention.
Published In/Presented At
Moale, A. C., Rajasekhara, S., Ueng, W., & Mhaskar, R. (2019). Educational Intervention Enhances Clinician Awareness of Christian, Jewish, and Islamic Teachings around End-of-Life Care. Journal of palliative medicine, 22(1), 62–70. https://doi.org/10.1089/jpm.2018.0077
Medical Education | Medicine and Health Sciences
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