Title

The "Death Diamond": Death Beyond Trauma.

Publication/Presentation Date

7-1-2019

Abstract

Thromboelastography (TEG) has become a critical tool for the diagnosis, assessment, and management of hyperfibrinolysis and coagulopathy in trauma. In 2015, Chapman et al. of the Denver group coined the term "Death Diamond" (DD) to describe a TEG tracing identified in a unique trauma population. The DD was associated with a 100 per cent positive predictive value for mortality. Given the potential prognostic implications and resource savings associated with validating the DD as a marker of futile care, we sought to further evaluate DD outcomes. A retrospective review of 6850 TEGs, 34 patients (24 trauma and 10 nontrauma), displayed a DD tracing. Through invasive procedures and transfusions, nine DD tracing "normalized," but, ultimately, this did not impact the outcome because the DD had a positive predictive value of 100 per cent for mortality in both populations. The median survival time in trauma patients was two hours compared with seven hours in nontrauma patients. Overall, this study further validates the predictive value of the DD in a trauma population while also serving as an assessment of the DD in a nontrauma population. Given these findings, a DD may prove to be an indicator of futile care. Further multicenter studies should be conducted to confirm these results.

Volume

85

Issue

7

First Page

757

Last Page

760

ISSN

1555-9823

Disciplines

Medicine and Health Sciences

PubMedID

31405423

Department(s)

Department of Surgery

Document Type

Article

Share

COinS