A Prospective, Matched Comparison of Health-Related Quality of Life in Bariatric Patients following Truncal Body Contouring.
BACKGROUND: Massive weight loss after bariatric surgery can lead to excess skin associated with functional and aesthetic sequelae. Access to the benefit provided by body contouring procedures may be limited by insurance approval, which does not consider health-related quality of life. The aim of this study was to quantify the benefit in health-related quality of life for patients who undergo body contouring procedures after massive weight loss.
METHODS: Patients evaluated for postbariatric body contouring procedures were systematically identified and prospectively surveyed using the BODY-Q. Health-related quality-of-life change for each functional scale was compared between those who underwent body contouring procedures (operative group, preoperatively versus postoperatively) and those who did not (nonoperative group, preoperatively versus resurvey) using t tests. Propensity score matching allowed the authors to balance baseline demographics, comorbidities, physical symptoms, and risk factors between cohorts.
RESULTS: Fifty-seven matched patients were analyzed (34 operative versus 23 nonoperative). No significant difference in age, body mass index, time between surveys, or preoperative BODY-Q scores existed between cohorts. The surgical group demonstrated a significant improvement in 10 out of 11 BODY-Q functional scales. The nonoperative group realized no improvements and, in the interim, had a significant deterioration in four BODY-Q scales.
CONCLUSIONS: Postbariatric body contouring procedures represent a critical and final step in the surgical weight loss journey for patients and are associated with significant improvements in health-related quality of life. Further deterioration in psychosocial and sexual health-related quality of life occurs in patients who do not undergo body contouring procedures following bariatric surgery. This study provides prospective comparative data that validate the field's standard intervention and justification for insurance approval.
CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic, II.
Published In/Presented At
Elfanagely, O., Rios-Diaz, A. J., Cunning, J. R., Othman, S., Morris, M., Messa, C., 4th, Broach, R. B., & Fischer, J. P. (2022). A Prospective, Matched Comparison of Health-Related Quality of Life in Bariatric Patients following Truncal Body Contouring. Plastic and reconstructive surgery, 149(6), 1338–1347. https://doi.org/10.1097/PRS.0000000000009098
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Surgery, Department of Surgery Residents, Fellows and Residents