The correlation between obesity, obstructive sleep apnea, and superior semicircular canal dehiscence: a new explanation for an increasingly common problem.
OBJECTIVE: To investigate rates of obesity and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in patients with a diagnosis of superior semicircular canal dehiscence (SSCD).
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study.
SETTING: Two tertiary referral centers.
PATIENTS: Thirty-one patients with SSCD were identified from patient records at Yale between January 1, 2003 and August 1, 2013 and from the University of Cincinnati between November 1, 2008 and November 1, 2013. The control cohort consisted of 100 consecutive adult patients who obtained high-resolution CT imaging of their temporal bones at Yale University for any reason.
INTERVENTIONS: CT images were reviewed by two authors in double blind fashion and patient data was analyzed statistically.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Rates of OSA, body mass index (BMI), and presence of tegmental defects in patients with SSCD were compared to the control cohort.
RESULTS: The 31 patients with SSCD demonstrated higher BMIs [SSCD avg. 31.62, standard deviation (SD) 8.6 vs. no SSCD 28.01, SD 6.3, P = 0.036], rates of OSA (SSCD 29.03% vs. no SSCD 7.00, P = 0.001), and rates of tegmental defects (SSCD avg. 64.5% vs. no SSCD 16%, P = 1.24 × 10(-7)), in comparison to the control cohort. SSCD was found in 6 of 100 consecutively reviewed adult CT scans and in 0 of 41 scans obtained in those under 17 years of age.
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with SSCD demonstrated higher BMIs, higher rates of OSA, and were more likely to have accompanying tegmental defects. These results may support a possible causality between increased intracranial pressure and the formation of superior semicircular canal dehiscence.
Published In/Presented At
Schutt, C. A., Neubauer, P., Samy, R. N., Pensak, M. L., Kuhn, J. J., Herschovitch, M., & Kveton, J. F. (2015). The correlation between obesity, obstructive sleep apnea, and superior semicircular canal dehiscence: a new explanation for an increasingly common problem. Otology & neurotology : official publication of the American Otological Society, American Neurotology Society [and] European Academy of Otology and Neurotology, 36(3), 551–554. https://doi.org/10.1097/MAO.0000000000000555
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Surgery, Division of Otolaryngology