Sitagliptin therapy improves myocardial perfusion and arteriolar collateralization in chronically ischemic myocardium: A pilot study.
Dipeptidyl peptidase 4 inhibitors (DPP4i) may be cardioprotective based on several small animal and clinical studies, though randomized control trials have demonstrated limited benefit. Given these discrepant findings, the role of these agents in chronic myocardial disease, particularly in the absence of diabetes, is still poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of sitagliptin, a DPP4i, on myocardial perfusion and microvessel density in a clinically relevant large animal model of chronic myocardial ischemia. Normoglycemic Yorkshire swine underwent ameroid constrictor placement to the left circumflex artery to induce chronic myocardial ischemia. Two weeks later, pigs received either no drug (CON, n = 8) or 100 mg oral sitagliptin (SIT) daily (n = 5). Treatment continued for 5 weeks, followed by hemodynamic measurements, euthanasia, and tissue harvest of ischemic myocardium. There were no significant differences in myocardial function between CON and SIT as measured by stroke work (p > 0.5), cardiac output (p = 0.22), and end-systolic elastance (p = 0.17). SIT was associated with increased absolute blood flow at rest (17% increase, IQR 12-62, p = 0.045) and during pacing (89% increase, IQR 83-105, p = 0.002). SIT was also associated with improved arteriolar density (p = 0.045) compared with CON, without changes in capillary density (p = 0.72). SIT was associated with increased expression of pro-arteriogenic markers MCP-1 (p = 0.003), TGFß (p = 0.03), FGFR1 (p = 0.002), and ICAM-1 (p = 0.03), with a trend toward an increase in the ratio of phosphorylated/active PLCγ1 to total PLCγ1 (p = 0.11) compared with CON. In conclusion, in chronically ischemic myocardium, sitagliptin improves myocardial perfusion and arteriolar collateralization via the activation of pro-arteriogenic signaling pathways.
Published In/Presented At
Sabe, S. A., Harris, D. D., Broadwin, M., Sabra, M., Xu, C. M., Banerjee, D., Abid, M. R., & Sellke, F. W. (2023). Sitagliptin therapy improves myocardial perfusion and arteriolar collateralization in chronically ischemic myocardium: A pilot study. Physiological reports, 11(11), e15744. https://doi.org/10.14814/phy2.15744
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Surgery, Fellows and Residents