Crosstalk between tumor and stroma modifies CLIC4 cargo in extracellular vesicles.
Mouse models of breast cancer have revealed that tumor-bearing hosts must express the oxidoreductase CLIC4 to develop lung metastases. In the absence of host CLIC4, primary tumors grow but the lung premetastatic niche is defective for metastatic seeding. Primary breast cancer cells release EVs that incorporate CLIC4 as cargo and circulate in plasma of wildtype tumor-bearing hosts. CLIC4-deficient breast cancer cells also form tumors in wildtype hosts and release EVs in plasma, but these EVs lack CLIC4, suggesting that the tumor is the source of the plasma-derived EVs that carry CLIC4 as cargo. Paradoxically, circulating EVs are also devoid of CLIC4 when CLIC4-expressing primary tumors are grown in CLIC4 knockout hosts. Thus, the incorporation of CLIC4 (and perhaps other factors) as EV cargo released from tumors involves specific signals from the surrounding stroma determined by its genetic composition. Since CLIC4 is also detected in circulating EVs from human breast cancer patients, future studies will address its association with disease.
Published In/Presented At
Sanchez, V. C., Craig-Lucas, A., Cataisson, C., Carofino, B. L., & Yuspa, S. H. (2023). Crosstalk between tumor and stroma modifies CLIC4 cargo in extracellular vesicles. Journal of extracellular biology, 2(10), e118. https://doi.org/10.1002/jex2.118
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Surgery, Department of Surgery Residents, Fellows and Residents