Effect of acute alcohol ingestion prior to burn injury on intestinal bacterial growth and barrier function.
Previous studies from our laboratory have shown that acute alcohol (EtOH) ingestion prior to burn injury enhances intestinal bacterial translocation. This study tested if increased intestinal bacterial translocation in alcohol and burn injured rats is due to an overgrowth in intestinal bacteria. We determined if the translocation was accompanied with alterations in intestinal permeability and immune cell population. Rats (225-250 g) were gavaged with alcohol to achieve a blood EtOH level in the range of 100 mg/dl prior to burn or sham injury (25% total body surface area). Two days after injury, we found that acute alcohol ingestions prior to burn injury results in a significant increase in bacterial counts in small intestine. The increase in intestinal bacterial counts accompanied a significant increase in intestinal permeability. Finally, immunohistochemical analysis revealed a substantial (p
Published In/Presented At
Choudhry, M. A., Rana, S. N., Kavanaugh, M. J., Kovacs, E. J., Gamelli, R. L., & Sayeed, M. M. (2004). Impaired intestinal immunity and barrier function: a cause for enhanced bacterial translocation in alcohol intoxication and burn injury. Alcohol (Fayetteville, N.Y.), 33(3), 199–208. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.alcohol.2004.05.004
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Medicine