The diagnostic accuracy of serologic markers in children with IBD: the West Virginia experience.

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GOAL: To assess the sensitivity/specificity of the serologic markers: perinuclear antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (pANCA) and anti-saccharomyces cerevisiae antibody (ASCA) in children diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), living in West Virginia.

BACKGROUND: In recent years, serologic markers have been used to differentiate between CD and UC diseases in children. The clinical usefulness of these markers in children was restricted by their low sensitivity and specificity. Racial and ethnic diversity may alter the accuracy of these markers in children. The demographic homogeneity of the West Virginia population may offer a better clinical setup to reassess the utility of those markers in children with IBD.

STUDY: A retrospective analysis of all the charts of children diagnosed with IBD was performed at the gastroenterology clinics of Marshall University, Huntington, WV; and West Virginia University, Charleston Division, Charleston, WV. The diagnosis of IBD was established according to clinical, radiologic, and endoscopic data. Laboratory data and serum markers were recorded, and their accuracy to diagnose UC or CD was assessed.

RESULTS: A total of 101 charts were reviewed, of which only 90 (89%) included serologic markers and were considered for further analysis. Disease distribution included: UC-41, CD-44, and indeterminate colitis (IC)-7 (2 patients changed diagnosis after colectomy). Serum antibody pANCA had a sensitivity of 73% and specificity of 84% for UC, but only 16% and 35% for CD, respectively. Serum antibody ASCA had a sensitivity of 58% and specificity of 92% for CD, but only 7% and 49% for UC, respectively. The outer membrane porin to Escherichia coli antibody (anti-OmpC) was available in 54 (59%) children and demonstrated a very poor sensitivity for both diseases (sensitivity<11%).

CONCLUSION: Despite our homogeneous patient population, pANCA and ASCA antibodies had an inadequate sensitivity/specificity for children with UC or CD. Those antibodies were not useful for our small number of patients with IC.





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Gastroenterology | Medicine and Health Sciences | Pediatrics




Department of Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics Faculty

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