Expression of Hoxb-5 during human lung development and in congenital lung malformations.
BACKGROUND: We have previously shown that the Hox gene Hoxb-5 is necessary for normal mouse lung branching morphogenesis. Abnormal Hoxb-5 regulation causes specific alterations in airway branching. We hypothesized that Hoxb-5 is similarly involved in human lung branching morphogenesis, and is abnormally expressed in bronchopulmonary sequestration (BPS) and congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM), both of which are congenital lung malformations with abnormal airway development.
METHODS: The temporal, spatial, and cellular expression of the Hoxb-5 protein was evaluated in normal human lung and BPS and CCAM tissue using Western blot analysis and immunocytochemistry.
RESULTS: The expression of Hoxb-5 during human lung development showed strong similarities to that during mouse lung development. Western blots showed high Hoxb-5 protein levels in the pseudoglandular period (PSG), decreased but sustained levels in the canalicular period (CAN), and negligible levels during the alveolar period (ALV). Immunocytochemistry showed Hoxb-5 protein expression in mesenchymal cells around branching airways in the pseuodglandular period, subepithelial fibroblast localization (especially at airway branch points) in the CAN and minimal expression in the ALV. In BPS and CCAM tissue, Hoxb-5 protein levels were increased compared to age- and developmentally-matched lung tissue, and were more similar to the PSG and CAN with Hoxb-5-positive cells in mesenchyme surrounding abnormally branched airways.
CONCLUSIONS: Hoxb-5 expression during human lung branching morphogenesis, which is similar to that observed in mouse lung development, indicates that it plays a role in controlling airway patterning. This notion is supported by results from BPS and CCAM tissue, in which Hoxb-5 is maintained in a manner typical of an earlier developmental stage and is associated with development of abnormal lung tissue.
Published In/Presented At
Volpe, M. V., Pham, L., Lessin, M., Ralston, S. J., Bhan, I., Cutz, E., & Nielsen, H. C. (2003). Expression of Hoxb-5 during human lung development and in congenital lung malformations. Birth defects research. Part A, Clinical and molecular teratology, 67(8), 550–556. https://doi.org/10.1002/bdra.10086
Medicine and Health Sciences | Pediatrics
Department of Pediatrics, Department of Surgery