Antibody Responses to SARS-CoV-2 after Infection or Vaccination in Children and Young Adults with Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

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BACKGROUND: Characterization of neutralization antibodies to SARS-CoV-2 infection or vaccination in children and young adults with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) receiving biologic therapies is crucial.


RESULTS: 436 patients were enrolled (mean age 17 years, range 2-26 years, 58% male, 71% Crohn’s disease, 29% ulcerative colitis, IBD-unspecified). 44 (10%) of enrolled subjects had SARS-CoV-2 S-RBD IgG antibodies. Compared to non-IBD adults (ambulatory) and hospitalized pediatric patients with PCR documented SARS-CoV-2 infection, S-RBD IgG antibody levels were significantly lower in the IBD cohort and by 6 months post infection most patients lacked neutralizing antibody. Following vaccination (n=33) patients had a 15-fold higher S-RBD antibody response in comparison to natural infection, and all developed neutralizing antibodies to both wild type and variant SARS-CoV-2.

CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: The lower and less durable SARS-CoV-2 S-RBD IgG response to natural infection in IBD patients receiving biologics puts them at risk of reinfection. The robust response to immunization is likely protective.

SUMMARY: Our study showed a low and poorly durable SARS-CoV-2 S-RBD neutralizing IgG response to natural infection in IBD patients receiving biologics potentially putting them at risk of reinfection. However, they also had a robust response to immunization that is likely protective.


Medicine and Health Sciences | Pediatrics




Department of Pediatrics

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