Modulation by atrial natriuretic factor of receptor-mediated cyclic AMP-dependent responses in canine pulmonary artery during heart failure.
1. Pacing-induced congestive heart failure (CHF) in dogs is associated with increased plasma levels of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) and inhibition of receptor-mediated cyclic AMP-dependent relaxation in isolated pulmonary arteries (PA). Since ANF is known to be negatively coupled to adenylate cyclase, we studied cyclic AMP-mediated relaxation to isoprenaline (Iso) and arachidonic acid (AA) in PA from control dogs (C), dogs with pacing-induced CHF (CHF) and dogs with bilateral atrial appendectomy and CHF (ATR APP+CHF). 2. In CHF, plasma ANF levels increased from a baseline of 80 +/- 8 pg ml-1 to 283 +/- 64 pg ml-1 (P < 0.05), but the ATR APP+CHF group failed to show this increase (67 +/- 7 pg ml-1 vs 94 +/- 15 pg ml-1, P = NS). Plasma ANF levels, however, did not influence myocardial dysfunction in CHF. 3. The relaxation of 49 +/- 5% to 1 microM Iso in C was reduced to 23 +/- 4% in CHF (P < 0.05), but relaxation of 49 +/- 12% was observed in the ATR APP+CHF group (P = NS vs C). Relaxation responses to 10 microM AA were as follows: 77 +/- 5% (C, n = 8), 27 +/- 8% (CHF, n = 10, P < 0.05 vs C), and 93 +/- 5% (ATR APP+CHF, n = 5). The presence of CHF, or the plasma ANF levels, did not affect responses to cyclic GMP-mediated relaxing agents in PA. 4. These data indicate that the myocardial performance in CHF is not influenced by plasma ANF levels. However, altered cyclic AMP-mediated relaxation in PA during CHF is, in part, modulated by circulating ANF levels.
Published In/Presented At
Mathew, R., Omar, H. A., Fayngersh, R., Shen, W., Wang, J., Gewitz, M. H., Hintze, T. H., & Wolin, M. S. (1996). Modulation by atrial natriuretic factor of receptor-mediated cyclic AMP-dependent responses in canine pulmonary artery during heart failure. British journal of pharmacology, 118(8), 1886–1890. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1476-5381.1996.tb15620.x
Medicine and Health Sciences | Pediatrics
Department of Pediatrics